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ICT in Nepal

Nepal is the country locked by the largest two countries India and China. The variation in the structure is also another geographical identification of Nepal. Although it is small in map but we are always survive under the various large problems. Today, we have ability to talk about different technology either about past, present or future. We really feel something pride for knowing about this. Really, we are interested for upcoming new technology and looking chances for either free or else. After this point we try to analysis a condition of Technology of our country only on the basis of analysis of us and predict as in coming 5 years everyone will have own PC and in coming 10 years we will have every things in our browser ,e-governance, ecommerce, etc.
If we left our capital and start to analysis a condition of technology from some other village then we realized we are still 25 years behind then other powerful country. Then how can we gain our goals that were predicted only on basis of few high societies although our country is listed one of the poorest country of the world. So we have to wake up and try for better of our country. We have to change the conventional mentality of our family and societies. Although we are in 21st century, but our education pattern, administrative pattern, working pattern are still in 19th century. Now our competition is not only between us but also with world. ICT is a most important aspect of today’s world. We cannot imagine our day to day life without ICT. Undeniably to a large extent, the success of any sector or organization today depends on the application and effectiveness of the ICT. The scheme to provide ICT literacy and enhance the knowledge of ICT students and professional in Nepal has a slow progress and is not sufficient.
It is difficult to developed implementable policy to built knowledge base society and industry in the absence of well defined frame of reference. We have first IT policy 2000 provided a broad framework for the development of the IT sector in the country. Which consolidate the foundation for national economic growth and better living-standards for the next five years starting from the 2000. IT Policy 2004 (draft) plans for economic consolidation, and development and strengthening of democratic norms and values through IT. Especially, through efficient distribution of economic resources, the policy seeks to contribute to raising the living standards and eventually towards the reducing the poverty. Also government established Telecommunication Policy 2060 to create favorable environment for making IT service reliable and accessible to all people at reasonable cost with private sector in order to support social and economic development of the country. To implement objective of policy we have also IT bodies, organizations, communities, societies. High Level Commission for Information Technology (HLCIT) is the one of the largest key institutions formed by Government of Nepal to provide crucial oversight and policy guidance for the development of ICT sector in the country, National Information Technology Center (NITC), Computer Association of Nepal,(CAN) IT Professional Forum(ITPF), ISP Association of Nepal, and other Business Associations have driven the country towards the use of ICT in economic development.
Although political, economical, social and technological challenges are available in our country. Today, Government is willing to decentralize the responsibilities and processes throughout the system called e-government. Where government rule the country directly focused for the facilitation or empowerment of the peoples of the country. In the context of Nepal there are about 32000 villages and the most of villages are in hilly areas. Those villages are still out of direct connection to the government. So for the entering the e-government, first of all developing the e-village may be Golden Gate. For establishing the e-village the government can provide most of the services such as policy making, birth and death registration, application for citizenship, passport and driving license, personal ID for TAX etc. To implement this services awareness of local people or villagers is most important. From 2065 government of Nepal started the primary level of gateway program in villages and from 2066 also some radio program.
Today our government of Nepal is starting the Telecentres from the rural areas of Nepal so that people can access to the world of information, technology and communication that helps people to get information about the world market and technology. Telecentres are established with a view of providing Communication Technology to the people of urban and rural areas. Its main objective is to provide computer, Internet, and email technology facilities to the people of under-privileged society. Government of Nepal in its 10th five-year plan has aimed to establish 1500 rural telecentres within the kingdom, with strategic focus on content development and social appropriation, sustainability and community ownership issues. So government of Nepal has conducted different program for people of rural areas like Nepal Rural Telecenter, Centres, Telecentres, Rural Education, Agriculture Enterprise Center, Health, e-government, Farmers, Bee keepers, Dairy producers, Women Association, citizenship, passport.mht etc. Therefore farmers, consumers and others will get easily their required information at any time. Although Nepal is the agriculture based country, 80% Nepalese people are depends upon agriculture, so these type of program make more profit to farmers so that they can get their better price and also consumer also get their required things on reasonable price. This system will get ride upon conventional system. And this will create the better environment for developing the e-government in future.
As a developing country, Nepal has availed of the opportunity to rapidly develop various sectors such as education, health, agriculture, tourism, trade, among others, using information technology. It is very possible that the international community will extend its support to developing countries in the development of information & communication technology. Such assistance will certainly be significant for the national development of a least developed country like Nepal. The extensive application of this technology will give rise to economically strong, development of democratic norms and values, proportional distribution of economic resources and means and enhancement of public awareness. Hence, knowledge of Information & communication Technology is required to develop IT society in the shortest time possible for the sake of the national economy. So we need informative program for student and teacher of school as well as campus, which provide the knowledge of information & communication technology and encourage them to interested in computer based education and activities. It will give the knowledge to IT student of Nepal about ICT status of Nepal and give the information about ICT sector of Nepal. It will be the lesson for other IT personal that they can do any type of program like this in their village or town and that will help to demonstrate or develop the IT Nepal. The major responsibilities for developing Nepal as ICT Nepal is for HLCIT, NITC and others but also there may be some role and responsibility by us developing our country as we are the real citizen of our country. It is not far to be our village as e-village, education as e-education, medical as e-medical and government as e-government.  
                                                                                                                            By : Prakash Neupane 

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